Major Accomplishments: started Confucian traditions in Chinese government, increased size of Great Wall, emperor Wudi expanded Chinese empire into Korea and central Asia, Silk Road expanded to Afghanistan
HAN DYNASTY 206 B.C.E.-220 C.E. (about. 400 years)
The Han continued the Q’in organization and empire to build a strong but humane government, great wealth, good Confucian education for upper class men, important inventions and excellent long distance trade along the Silk Road. In contrast to the Q’in, the Han followed Confucian ideals rather than the cruel legalism of the Q’in Dynasty.
Liu Bang 1st Han Emperor
replaced Legalism with Confucianism
Chang’an is capital
Confucianism teaches that Emperor is
Responsible for keeping harmony
Must model goodness and virtue
Often attacked from central Asian nomads
Confucian Civil Service Examination
Han government officials chosen by scores on a Confucian poetry and moral code test
Han started schools to train candidates
Curriculum is Confucius’s teachings, Chinese history, and Chinese law.
Emperor Wudi, 141-87 B.C.E.
Started public Confucian schools
Great military leader
Colonized Manchuria, Korea, & Vietnam.
Larger land Empire than Rome
Military service required of oldest male
a month’s labor for govt per year
iron casting led to steel
Chinese traders were able to sail into the Indian Ocean, expanding trade tremendously.
SILK Road across Asia to Middle East connects China to Persia, India and Rome
HAN RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY
Confucianism is VERY influential in govt and social life
People follow Confucian morals in all aspects of life
Buddhism came to China via the Silk Road
Population tripled to 50 million
less land per person
Farming techniques improved
Many people moved to cities
Chinese migrated into central Asia
Government must provide peace & prosperity, & education
Fore Aft Sails, Fishing reel, Water wheel, rudder
HAN INVENTIONS AND INNOVATION
Han Great Wall
Extended the Q’in wall 1500 miles
Many more towers and soldiers to guard China
grand temples and palaces.
jade and ivory carvings and ceramic figures.
Improved bronzeworking and silkmaking techniques.
Revival of Chinese landscape painting.
HAN WARFARE QUOTE
“The bandits were numerous, and Yang's forces very weak, so his men were filled with alarm and despondency. But he organized several dozen horse-drawn vehicles carrying bellows to blow powdered lime strongly forth, he caused rags of fire to be tied to the tails of a number of horses, and he prepared other vehicles full of bowmen and crossbowmen. The lime chariots went forward first, and as the bellows were plied the smoke was blown forwards according to the wind, then the rags were kindled and the frightened horses rushed forwards throwing the enemy lines into confusion, after which the bowmen and crossbowmen opened fire, the drums And gongs were sounded, and the terrified enemy was utterly destroyed and dispersed.
HAN DYNASTY COLAPSE
Han rulers love for wealth and pleasure weakened the government; often corrupt and brutal.
The Han dynasty fell in A.D. 220.
Fiscal crisis (they were broke)
Peasants get angry
Revolts lead to the downfall of the govt
The Huns attack over the wall
China descends into chaos and warlike states rule for 350 years
CHINA’S TIME OF TROUBLES
China is not unified under a single Emperor
Return of regional rule and many small regional wars