Major Accomplishments: important to note both the negative and the positive aspects of European imperialism. Negatives like population control, near slave working conditions, apartied, creation of states that ignored tribal regions were all devestating to Africa. Positives like better infrastructure, trade connections to Europe and the Americas, technological improvement were helpful to Africa.
European Imperialism In Africa:
European Imperialism of Africa
Imperialism Definition--domination by a powerful nation over the political, economic, and cultural affairs of another nation or region
Sometimes called "The Scramble for Africa", European Imperialism was caused by the loss of American colonies during 1700 and 1800s, As a result, France, Britain, Portugal, Spain, Germany fought for African territory to replace their lost American work force and source of raw materials.
The European Imperialism is the second wave of European colonization which began in the Americas in the 15th century.
The Berlin conference started the main era of European Imperialism in Africa. The major European powers signed the Berlin Act, formalizing the partitioning of Africa.
•Hostile tribes were thrown together.
•Conflicting loyalties had grave consequences for the African tribes.
•Natural dividing lines such as rivers or mountains were not considered
Different Types of Colonial Rule
–France-direct rule - local elites removed & replaced with European officials
•assimilated African subjects into French culture rather than preserve native traditions
–England-indirect rule – protectorates - local rulers allowed to keep positions of authority and status under European supervision
•benefit of not disrupting local customs and institutions.
–Chinese Spheres of influence for many European countries
Causes of African Weakness
•Lack of unity within the region.
•Technologically inferior to the Europeans.
•Population depleted by Europeans through slavery, war and disease.